"International Workshop on Community-based Solid Waste Management and Supporting National Policies"

Background

Waste management issues run across various aspects of our daily life from households to communities, cities, regions and country level. Each level is comprised of stakeholders that play a pivotal role to waste management system wherein activities of each directly affect the effectiveness of the system. Recent years have shown the increase of community-oriented approach towards waste minimisation in cities in the Asia-Pacific region. Partnerships among stakeholders have been built, bridging linkages between the formal and informal players in waste system in both public and private sectors.

As financing is one of the major constraints of many local governments in the region to address waste problems, multi-stakeholder partnership is potentially one of the most viable solutions as it brings/taps in potential financial resources. The increase in participation of external agencies such as international and local organizations as well as private entities in solid waste management (SWM) has also contributed substantially to the inadequacies and limited administrative and technical capacities of local governments.

The increase in community-based approach in waste management is an encouraging feature in many cities in the region. However, many of these initiatives have placed bigger emphasis on waste disposal and recycling. Relatively little has been done to tackle urban organic wastes that generally represent over 50 percent of the total waste generation. Addressing this aspect would amount to achieve benefits for stakeholders like local governments as it induce savings on operational cost of waste transport and reduce the impact on disposal sites. Furthermore, it reduces waste collection and management costs and opens income opportunities for communities and households.

The Surabaya Practice

In Surabaya City, Indonesia, household organic waste composting has been widely practiced in communities. The city government, through the support of several private companies and local NGOs, have adopted the Takakura method that utilises baskets for household composting. This methodology was developed by Pusdakota, a local NGO, in 2004, with technical assistance from Kitakyushu International Technocooperative Association (KITA) and JPec Co., Ltd., Japan. Since then, it has spread in many parts of the city through the active support and promotion of the Surabaya Women’s Welfare Organization (PKK) – another local NGO in the city. Around 20,000 units of baskets have been distributed by the City and through NGO networks and 12 composting centres have been setup which process organic waste from households and fresh produce markets. Waste reduction campaigns called “Green and Clean Award” and “Surabaya Merdeka dari Sampah (No waste independent Surabaya)” since 2005 funded and implemented by Uli Peduli, an NGO-wing of UNILEVER, together
with Java Post group, a national paper, have successfully encouraged communitybased solid waste management and competition among communities. As a result, daily amount of waste transported to Benowo Landfill, the only disposal site in Surabaya City, has reduced by more than 10% from around 1,500t/d in 2005 to 1,300t/d in 2007. Hygienic condition of streets and communities improved due to composting of putrefying waste at each household and income opportunities were generated for some at composting centres and household compost basket users by selling produced compost and plants grown by using the compost.

Objectives

The main objective of this workshop is to identify and further disseminate policy mechanisms for replication of successful initiatives related to urban environmental management, in order to stimulate national level changes through local activities.
During the meeting, participants will share an understanding and information on the successful community-based management practices in the region and draw strategies to facilitate its replication. The specific objectives are:

  • To present the successful waste management practice of Surabaya City and discuss its achievements in socio-economic, environmental and political context;
  • To identify the strategies adopted for the transfer of practice and key features for successful implementation;
  • To derive information on similar successful environmental management practices in other cities in Asia Pacific region and analyze the approaches comparatively;
  • To discuss supporting national policies and mechanisms to promote replication of such good environmental practices;
  • To present effective corporate social responsibility (CSR) and private resource mobilisation cases for environmental management; and
  • To explore clean development mechanisms (CDM) applicability to solid waste
    management practices.

Date & Venue

Date: 27 & 28 August 2008/ Venue: Hotel Novotel, Surabaya City, Indonesia

Participants

Participants include representatives from the Surabaya local government and other local governments from Indonesia as well as KI network member cities from Bangladesh, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand.

Organisers

The workshop is organised by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) in cooperation with the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP and the local government of Surabaya City, Indonesia.

Documents

Documents File
Summary 71KB.pdf
Concept Note 87.6KB.pdf
Programme 72.6KB.pdf
Participants List 140KB.pdf

 

Introductory Presentation: IGES 186KB.pdf
Introductory Presentation: UNESCAP to Promote Environmentally Sustainable Economic Growth for Well-being of Al 110KB.pdf
Session 1: Achievements of Community-based Solid Waste Management in Surabaya and other Cities in Indonesia
Zero Waste Program in Surabaya by the Cleansing Department, Surabaya City The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Environmental Cadre System in Surabaya by PKK, Surabaya The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Community-based Solid Waste Management by PUSDAKOTA The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.v
Kampungku, Before and After by Environmental Cadre of Tegalsari The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Media's Role by Jawa Pos  
Summary of Surabaya's Success by IGES 253.KB.pdf
Overview of Surabaya's Success as Replicated in Other Cities in Indonesia 284.KB.pdf
Community-based Solid Waste Management Model in Central Java by BINTARI Foundation, Semarang The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Community-based Solid Waste Management Model in Takaran City by DKPP, Takaran City 532.KB.pdf
Session 2: Supporting National Policies for Community-based Solid Waste Management in Indonesia
National Policies for Waste Management in Indonesia by the National Development Planning Agency, Indonesia The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
National Policies for Community-based Solid Waste Management and 3R Strategies in Indonesia by the Ministry of Environment, Indonesia 102KB.pdf
Actual Implemented Projects and Plans in Solid Waste Management in Indonesia by the Ministry of Public Works, Indonesia The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Session 3: Achievement of Community-based Solid Waste Management in Other Cities in the Asia-Pacific Region
Implementing a Community-based Solid Waste Management Program by San Fernando City, Philippines The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Community-based Solid Waste Management Practices in Bangkok by Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA), Thailand The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Solid Waste Mangement Practices in Sibu City by Sibu City, Malaysia The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Solid Waste Management Practices in Bago City, Philippines The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Session 4: CDM Application and Business Model of Composting  
The Laguna de Bay Community Carbon Finance Project by Laguna Lake Development Authoriy, Philippines The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Technology and Economics of Industrial Scale Composting Utilizing CDM Revenue for Municipal Solid Waste by Gikoko Kogyo Indonesia The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
CDM-applied Composting Project by Waste Concern in Dhaka and Economic Analysis of Composting Centre and CDM Application Potential in Surabaya by IGES 892KB.pdf
Session 5: Linking CSR Activities and Private Sector Resources with Environmental Management
Balancing of Life: Bungkul Cyber Park Revitalization Program by PT Telekom The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Green and Clean Program in Indonesia by Uli Peduli, Unilever The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Used Cooking Oil for Transportation in the City of Bogor, Indonesia The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Participatory Solid Waste Management in Dhaka City, Bangladesh The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Forest Management by the City of Puerto Princesa, Philippines The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Solid Wasre Management Practices: the Makati City Way by Makati City, Philippines The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Urban Parks Management with Private Sector Participation by Sibu City, Malaysia The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Community-based Coastal Resource Management and La Union Botanical Garden Projects by the City of San Fernando, Philippines The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Murasaki River " My Town, My River" Development Project: Creating an Attractive City Centre by Kitakyushu City, Japan The file is large for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.

Some presentation materials are too large to upload. If you would like a copy of the documents, please contact the Kitakyushu Initiative Network Secretariat.

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific


Environment Section
Environment and Sustainable Development Division
United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Avenue
Bangkok 10200 Thailand
Email: escap-esdd-evs@un.org

Institute for Global Environmental Strategies


Kitakyushu Initiative Network Secretariat
3-9-30 Asano, Kokurakita-ku
Kitakyushu City 802-0001 Japan
Email: kitakyushu-initiative@iges.or.jp