The Kitakyushu Initiative for a Clean Environment was adopted at the Ministerial Conference on Environment and Development in Asia and the Pacific 2000 (MCED 2000) held from 31 August to 5 September 2000, in Kitakyushu, Japan. The Kitakyushu Initiative, a Type I Initiative in the Plan of Implementation at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002, is a priority implementation mechanism for the Regional Action Programme for Environmentally Sound and Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific (RAP), 2001-2005, with specific focus on environmental quality and human health in urban areas. The Initiative’s mandate is to achieve measurable improvement in the urban environment of cities in Asia and the Pacific, principally through local initiatives aiming at control of air and water pollution, and minimization of all kinds of wastes, using selected technical, institutional, regulatory, and participatory measures. MCED 2000 also recommended the establishment of the Kitakyushu Initiative Network to facilitate the implementation of the Initiative.
Since the conclusion of MCED 2000 in Kitakyushu, UNESCAP has been working in collaboration with a number of relevant organizations in the region, and has initiated a range of activities at national, subregional and regional levels for implementation of the Kitakyushu Initiative. The Expert Group Meeting on Implementation of the Kitakyushu Initiative for a Clean Environment held in Bangkok, Thailand in August 2001 reviewed such preliminary activities and discussed essential elements to link local governments and relevant institutions. The First Meeting of the Kitakyushu Initiative Network was held in November 2001 in Kitakyushu, Japan, at which the Network was inaugurated; the Second Meeting of the Kitakyushu Initiative Network was held in October 2003 in Weihai, China, at which a review of activities was carried out, together with the formulation of future actions.
Since November 2001, activities carried out by the Kitakyushu Initiative Network include the collection and analysis of successful practices; implementation of pilot activities, including support and monitoring of ongoing intercity cooperation activities; organization of thematic seminars on critical urban environmental management issues; and dissemination of information through the Kitakyushu Initiative Network Website.
With activities of the Kitakyushu Initiative entering its fourth year, the Third Meeting of the Kitakyushu Initiative Network was organized to conduct a comprehensive review of Network activities, including pilot projects, thematic seminars and training workshops, dissemination of successful practices and indicators, as well as to develop a consensus on future actions to further enhance activities, in particular, a concrete action plan to help member cities reduce and manage solid waste, improve air quality, promote urban environmental planning, conserve and improve water quality, build management capacities particularly through the use of ICT, conserve energy and improve energy efficiency, among others. This was conducted through open discussions and dialogues on cross-cutting issues, enhanced interaction among local governments, international organizations, the donor community and academia, as well as holding of training courses, implementation of pilot projects, dissemination of good policies, etc. As this Meeting was organized before the 5th Ministerial Conference on Environment and Development in Asia and the Pacific, a concrete action plan and Message to MCED was developed for consideration by the Environmental Ministers in March 2005.
Mayors and other officials from 26 cities (15 countries) took part, as well as representatives from the donor community, international initiatives and others. Key problems in urban environment were highlighted: population concentration in mega cities, air pollution, water pollution, increasing solid waste, and the challenge of integrated urban environmental management. Member cities’ lack of capacity and appropriate technology, as well as difficulties of financial resources were also noted. The Meeting proposed the following mechanisms to address these challenges: cooperation for capacity-building, financing, technology transfer and institutional strengthening. It also emphasized on exchange of information, development of partnerships and involvement of stakeholders in the promotion of sustainable development. The establishment of a financial mechanism to accommodate local concerns/priorities/projects to allow access to funds by local governments was also recommended; for this purpose, a consortium of donors and technical cooperation agencies will be developed to procure funding on a sustainable basis.
Emphasis was placed on the development of a future course of action , in which local governments have identified the critical areas for action:
Urban environmental issues directly related to urgent needs in cities, i.e. poverty and human health, including: solid waste management, air quality management, water conservation and wastewater treatment and a long-term vision and capacities for environmentally-sound and sustainable management of cities including: integrated urban environmental management
|Action Plan for future activities of the Kitakyushu Initiative for a Clean Environment||98.1KB (PDF)||198KB (PDF)|
|Message from Mayors/Senior Officials' of the Kitakyushu Initiative member cities to the Ministerial Conference on Environment and Development in Asia and the Pacific in 2005||198KB (PDF)||198KB (PDF)|
|Review of the implementation of the Kitakyushu Initiative for a Clean Environment||198KB (PDF)||198KB (PDF)|
|Report on the Expert Segment of the Third Meeting of the Kitakyushu Initiative Network||198KB (PDF)||--|
|Report on the Mayors' and Senior Officials' Segment of the Third Meeting of the Kitakyushu Initiative Network||25.7KB (PDF)||--|
Programme (PDF: 54KB)
Participants List (PDF: 19.9KB)
|2 August||Opening Statements||UNESCAP
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan
Ministry of the Environment, Japan
City of Kitakyushu, Japan
|Review of Implementation||UNESCAP|
|Pilot Projects|| Dhaka, Bangladesh
|Action Plan for Future Activities||UNESCAP|
|Response to Urban Environmental Challenges: Moving Forward with the Kitakyushu Initiative||IGES|
|Ministerial Conference on Environment and Development in Asia and the Pacific, 2005||UNESCAP|
|3 August||Opening Statements||UNESCAP
Ministry of the Environment, Japan
City of Kitakyushu, Japan
|Assessment of Urban State of Environment in Asia and the Pacific and Its Relevance to the Kitakyushu Initiative||UNESCAP|
|Pilot projects||Cebu, Philippines
Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam
Ministry of Environment, Indonesia
|4 August||Statements||City of Kitakyushu, Japan|
|Date||2-4 August 2004|
|Venue||International Conference Room, 2F, Kitakyushu International Conference Centre, Kitakyushu|
|Organisers||United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific; in cooperation with the Ministry of the Environment, Government of Japan;Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Japan;Institute for Global Environmental Strategies|
|Host Organisation||City of Kitakyushu, Japan|
|Participants||26 local governments from 15 countries|
|Programme||Click to access programme (PDF)|