|City Name||Surabaya, Indonesia|
|Project Name||Stakeholder participation in urban air quality management|
|Time Period||Feb 2003-Oct 2004|
Description of Project
Surabaya has had a long-standing concern with adverse air quality problems and has implemented a number of public awareness campaigns to increase understanding and participation of residents with regard to urban air quality management.
As presented at the 3rd Thematic Seminar on Urban Air Quality Management held in Bangkok in February 2003, the ambient air quality in Surabaya continues to deteriorate due to increasing emissions from both mobile and stationary sources: number of private vehicles, type of vehicles, type of fuel, lack of information and knowledge of residents, lack of awareness and understanding of health issues, lack of campaigns to raise awareness, and poor coordination among related parties. The preliminary identified causal components include the imbalance between the yearly increase of road capacity an the number of vehicles in operation, failure of vehicles to meet gas emission test requirements, lack of compliance mechanisms such as reward and punishment programme, insufficient urban forest/greenbelt area in comparison to the population, and lack of community development plans addressing ambient air quality management. Surabaya has launched a Blue Sky Programme to improve the situation through the introduction of integrated ambient air quality monitoring and index system, enhancement of environmental awareness in communities and their role in air pollution control, and development of coordination and partnership among stakeholders. To address these issues, the city had an objective to raise awareness and participation of the various stakeholders and disseminate information to vehicle owners.
Towards this end, a national seminar/workshop ("Involvement of Stakeholders in the Improvement of Urban Air Quality in Surabaya") was held in Surabaya in August 2003, organised by UN/ESCAP, the City of Surabaya, the Ministry of the Environment of Indonesia, and IGES. As the seminar/workshop sought to encourage greater participation and partnerships among relevant stakeholders, the composition of stakeholders was critical to the attainment of the workshop objectives. Outputs from the seminar/workshop included enhanced awareness and developed partnerships on air quality improvement in Surabaya, development of a framework of action among stakeholders for improving air quality in Surabaya and development of an outline of pilot project in Surabaya.
Specific activities carried out under the project included: (i) determining the stakeholders’ roles in air pollution prevention; (ii) preparing modules and information kit to enhance stakeholder awareness of air quality management; (iii) strengthening community empowerment for air quality improvement by involving women’s association, NGOs and youth associations; (iii) carrying out public campaigns through mass media. The project was implemented primarily by the City of Surabaya, with assistance from UNESCAP and IGES. A working team consisting of several experts are responsible for the conduct of the project activities.
The following activities were carried out by Surabaya in the implementation of this project: