Nonthaburi, Thailand

City Name Nonthaburi, Thailand
Project Name Promotion of recycling and reduction of waste
Status Completed
Time Period Jan-Dec 2002

Description of Project

Nonthaburi carried out a pilot project to reduce waste and promote recycling in two villages (539 households and 120 households respectively), which were designated as model areas. With an overall objective to increase recycling rates by 20% and reduce solid waste by 30%, the city carried out various activities to promote public participation, including organization of workshops, distribution of pamphlets, as well as distribution and use of transparent bags for recycling. These activities had been carried out referencing the experiences of other cities, such as Kitakyushu, together with the local government’s innovation.

The overall strategies used in the pilot project included mass media campaigns, brochure preparation and distribution, and community meetings; provision of two recycling trucks instead of waste collection trucks; subsidies to provide recycling waste plastic bags by the municipality until residents became accustomed to the system; enhancing the knowledge and experience of the local government staff in recycling of waste in order to provide extension to the residents; communication and good public relations between the local government and community in addition to enforcement of laws and regulations.

A study conducted six months after the project implementation indicated that recycling had increased from 5.3% to 22% and waste undergone a 32% decrease from 0.95 kg/day to 0.65 kg/day. The recyclable material increased from 90.3 kg/day in January to 174.2 kg/day in June and to 253.3 kg/day in December 2002. Income from recycling amounted to 1630 baht/month and an increase in the level of awareness was observed.

The project has been accepted for inclusion in the Good Practices Inventory of the Research on Innovative and Strategic Policy Options (RISPO) project, a region-wide collaborative research project seeking to develop policy options to lead the Asia-Pacific region towards sustainable development. The pilot project has now been expanded to other wards, where it is managed by the city itself on a self-financing basis.

Income of Phibulsongkram Village increased from 993 baht per month to 1108 baht per month; income in Suan klang muang 3 Village increased from 637 baht per month to 814 baht per month from sales of recycling materials.

Solid waste was reduced an average of 128 kg / day in the two villages by December 2002 (Phibulsongkram Village: 594.3 kg/day; Suan klang muang 3 Village: 106.3 kg/day); separation of solid waste increased to an average of 20.35% (Phibulsongkram Village: 17.4%; Suan klang muang 3 Village: 23.3%).

The conclusion presented by Nonthaburi stressed the following points:

  • Simple strategies were used, including mass media campaigns, brochures, community meetings;
  • The municipality support the activity through the provision of two recycling trucks instead of waste collection trucks;
  • Villages which have security checks at the entrances prohibit scavengers from recyclable materials;
  • Trucks to collect recycling materials and garbage, as well as subsidies to provide recycling waste plastic bags should be provided by the municipality until residents become accustomed to the system;
  • Local governmental staff members must have knowledge and experience in recycling of waste to communicate with the residents, in order to increase public participation;
  • Enforcement of laws is not enough; communication and good public relations between the local government and community is also important.

Quantitative indicators in this project include increase in recycling rates (20%) and reduction in the amount of waste generated (30%), which have increased and decreased, respectively for each pilot area, over the period of the pilot project. Nonthaburi is currently disseminating their experiences to other cities in Thailand through the organisation of national seminars.

Recent Activities

Related Reports and Links

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific


Environment Section
Environment and Sustainable Development Division
United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Avenue
Bangkok 10200 Thailand
Email: escap-esdd-evs@un.org

Institute for Global Environmental Strategies


Kitakyushu Initiative Network Secretariat
3-9-30 Asano, Kokurakita-ku
Kitakyushu City 802-0001 Japan
Email: kitakyushu-initiative@iges.or.jp