|City Name||Puerto Princesa, Philippines|
|Project Name||Vehicular reduction strategy for air pollution
prevention and climate change mitigation
(Study conducted by the ICLEI Cities for Climate ProtectionTM)
|Time Period||2002, Six month study (ICLEI)|
Description of Project
Based on the recommendations of a study carried out by JICA on solid waste issues, Dhaka proposed a project on enhancing waste management at the community level. The project aimed to improve public awareness through local and mass media campaign and enhance stakeholder participation in at-source separation, house-to-house collection and primary disposal of solid waste.
Low-to-middle income households make up most of the population of Dhaka. Hence, Dhaka designated Rampura Residential Area (low-to-middle income households, population ~53,000, per capita generation of waste=0.5kg/person・day (total generation: 26.5 tons/day) as a model area under the Kitakyushu Initiative to strengthen community waste management programmes through the organisation of a public awareness-raising campaign for residents, which primarily covered health and environmental impacts of solid waste disposal, as well as the impacts of hazardous wastes from hospitals and other community activities. Together with this is the inclusion of the provision of financial, technical and advisory support to the community organisation for enhancing participation in the improvement of waste collection, separation and primary disposal systems in the pilot area. Two NGOs, namely the Bangladesh Integrated Environment Development Forum and AID Bangladesh were substantively involved in the project implementation.
The community is largely unaware of the hazardous impact of the waste; therefore, many households dispose of the waste in drains, ditches and in the open street.
The Bangladesh Integrated Environment Development Forum (BIEDF) and a community based organisation (CBO) were engaged by DCC to provide house-to-house collection services in 39 wards and have recently started services in different areas of Dhaka. BIEDF has engaged eight rickshaw vans for collection activities. Door-to-door collection begins at 12AM and continues until 7PM. There is a conservancy supervisor who monitors the project and reports to the project authority. However, for more effective house-to-house collection, other conditions must be met to address the issue of proper solid waste management. This holistic approach has been taken as a pilot project under the Kitakyushu Initiative.
Main activities under the Kitakyushu Initiative include: (i) the organisation of public awareness building programmes for residents to understand the importance of proper solid waste management, with reference to health and other environmental impacts of improper solid waste disposal. The public awareness programme has also included the impact of hazardous solid waste from hospitals and other commercial activities, so that households will be able to impose political pressure for proper disposal of waste; (ii) advisory function to households through public rallies and distribution of leaflets for the proper disposal of waste; (iii) advisory function to households to separate waste (organic and inorganic) and recyclable materials; (iv) proper primary disposal to either well-protected collection bins or transfer stations, from which it will be collected by DCC for final disposal.
The impacts and results of the project are as follows: (i) increase in public awareness and cooperation of residents in separation at source, proper disposal, recycling, and project monitoring; (ii) improvement of the hygienic condition of the model area; (iii) proper mitigation of toxic and industrial wastes through discussions and meetings with hospital and commercial industries; (iv) improved awareness and understanding of Dhaka City Corporation workers, NGOs, and staff of community-based organizations (CBOs) to ensure efficient use of resources; (v) strengthened linkages between CBOs, NGOs and government agencies to increase overall capacity and efficiency; (vi) proposal for the development of a model mini-transfer station to ensure proper waste disposal in the community (first of its kind in Bangladesh); (vii) employment of young people from the community as conservancy workers.
A project site for MTS has been designated in Rampura. Land will be provided to BIEDF free of cost. However, funds for infrastructure development of station have yet to be assured. Once the station is established, the vans now collecting waste from households and nine different containers and bins, can dispose of this waste at a central location. This will minimize scattered waste around containers and bins, and will ease the flow of traffic and pedestrians, as well as facilitate the segregation of waste, promote organic waste treatment methods such as composting and bio-gas production, and discourage the contamination of ground water by waste materials.
Similar successful efforts have also been conducted by Sheltech Consultants in Dhanmondi Residential Area (high-income households), as well as Waste Concern (NGO) in the area of composting. These experiences have served as reference for this project.